S/Sgt. Brendon J. Murphy, ROM Gunner
12th. Air Force, 57th. Bomb Wing, 321st. Bombardment Group, 445th. Bombardment Squadron

Brendon Joseph Murphy was born in Niagara Falls NY in 1926. His father lost everything during the depression, so hard work became a way of life. He joined the US Army Air Force and began active service on Feb 26, 1943 as a Staff Sergeant. He was in the 445th Bombardment Squadron, 321st Bombardment Group as a Radio Gunner. He was honorably discharged on November 4, 1945.
When he returned from the war he put himself through premed school at the University of Buffalo. For practical reasons, he took a job with the Upjohn Pharmaceutical Company as a Salesman, and left school. He met June Wullen who was a popular singer at the time, and they married and had 4 girls.
Bren Murphy was a gentleman, a philosopher, and a mentor to all who knew him. He was the ground all his family and friends stood on. He expressed to his wife shortly before he died 5 years ago, that he was disappointed that his girls never asked him about the war. So this is for Brendon Murphy. "We know now." -
Amy Murphy Demeo

Brendon J. Murphy was trained as a Radio Man which means he knew how to contact the home base and be able to switch channels using high frequency signals, not an easy task.  The aircraft  would maintain radio silence in order to keep the Germans from tracking their position as they proceeded to the targets.  In addition he was trained as a Gunner and had gone to Gunnery School to learn how to fire the 50 caliber machine guns B-25's carried.  There was one on each side of the fuselage, the Radio Gunner fired one and the regular gunner fired the other and in the tail the rear gunner sitting on a bicycle seat fire two from the rear.  There was also an engineer on board who also served as a mechanic for in flight emergencies and he also was a Turret Gunner.  The turret was in the middle of the fuselage above the wings and he mounted the turret which had a arc of approximately 150 degrees from side to side and a deflection device which prevented him from shooting his own tail off. There were two 50's in the nose, one fixed and the other flexible and fired by the navigator or bombardier when not on the bomb run. The B-25 was heavily armed and enemy fighters avoided her for the most part because they could bring ten 50's per airplane to bear upon him, and they flew very, very close formation which made the fire power even more concentrated.

In this picture S/Sgt. Murphy is taking apart and cleaning his
fifty caliber machine gun.  No one did it for him and he wanted to make
sure it did not jam while firing it.  Sort of like the old west gun fighters.

The 'tent city' or 'squatter village' is a wonderful depiction of our
tent life, with most people gone there must have been a mission going on
and crews were gone and ground personnel were out on the line. Note
that each tent had a chimney that was attached to a pot belly stove in
the center of the tent.  Fuel for the stove was supplied by 100 octane
aviation fuel through a drip system into the stove.  I believe the tanks
outside held the fuel as we had plenty of water and showers.  Aviation
fuel was used to dry clean our wool olive drab trousers, jackets, and
shirts. Ingenuity knew no bounds, just look at the  "house". Look at
those beautiful mountains so close to the field.  If you looked out like
the fellow at the 'office' he could see the sea about a mile away. We
lost a number of crews flying into those mountains.  The picture looks
like February or March.  And it did snow occasionally in the winter and
got bitterly cold.

Your Dad would have rather been some place else.  It was one of the most
heavily fortified targets in the Brenner Pass.  The 321st attacked ORA
twice on the 17th of January 1945.  You will see it on a map of Italy
between two other nasty targets Bolzano to the north and San Michele to the south.
Many times the waist gunners would take pictures over the targets or
enroute there or back to Corsica.
The "Battle of the Brenner" pitted determined German and Italian
anti-aircraft gunners against equally determined American bombers from
the 57th Bomb Wing who were intent on cutting the supply lines from
Germany to their troops in Italy.  "We won."

This one over the Alps brings back memories, there appears to
be a six ship formation down below and ahead and what appears to be a
couple of flak burst.  The picture then had to have been taken by the
main formation.  The ships below would be anti-flak ships which would
split up and go down into the Brenner and drop phosphorous bombs on the
German gun positions. They would shut down, Then the main formation could
then come in with less opposition.  I flew twelve of those in a row
after getting over there and who knows your dad might have been on one
of those.  We became the object of the Germans intent to destroy and
because we were using phosphorous on the Germans, They decided it was
chemical warfare and decided we would be shot on sight if shot down and
kept their promise on several occasions.  All crew members carried a
side arm 45 caliber pistol, "I could have beaten someone to death with it
but they were safe if I aimed and fired at them."

The German airplanes, flew in to Ancona, Italy, Our base
during March or April, most likely the latter.  They were piloted by
designated pilots who knew the war was going to end with their
unconditional surrender.  As I recall the trainer definitely came from
Yugoslavia, and perhaps the FW-190 or Me 109 also because it seems
highly unlikely they could have come through our fighter cover that way.
Note the steel planking upon which they rest.  Our runways were laid
down on graded land and then spiked into the ground.  They made a lot of
noise but were very effective and could be set up quickly as we followed
very closely behind the main battle line.

A very special Thank You to Victor J. Hancock, (321st.) Publisher of "The Men of The 57th." for the descriptions of the above pictures.


Mission Record of S/Sgt. Brendon J. Murphy.
March 17, 1945 - Pontevico Rail Bridge, Italy
March 18, 1945 - Palazzola Rail Bridge, Italy
March 19, 1945 - Ora Rail Bridge, Italy
March 25, 1945 - Valargne Gun Positions, Italy
March 30, 1945 - Ala Gun Positions, Italy
March 31, 1945 - Nanerhio Rail Bridge, Italy
April 1, 1945 - Nanerhio Rail Bridge, Italy
April 4, 1945 - Salorno Rail Bridge, Italy
April 9, 1945 - Castel Bolognese Gun Positions, Italy
April 10, 1945 - Longastrino Gun Positions, Italy
April 10, 1945 - Nassa Lombardia Troop Concentration, Italy
April 11, 1945 - Argent Gun Positions, Italy
April 11, 1945 - San Ambrogio Rail Bridge, Italy
April 12, 1945 - Moribor Rail Bridge, Yugoslavia
April 14, 1945 - Consandolo Troop Concentration, Italy
April 15, 1945 - Matrei Rail Bridge, Austria
April 16, 1945 - Bologna Rail Bridge, Italy
April 17, 1945 - Praduro Rail Bridge, Italy
April 18, 1945 - San Ambrogio Rail Bridge, Italy
April 20, 1945 - San Michele Rail Diversion, Italy
April 22, 1945 - Guarda Veneta Ferry, Italy
April 23, 1945 - Codevigo Rail Bridge, Italy
April 24, 1945 - Vo Sinistro Rail Bridge, Italy
April 25, 1945 - Cavarzere Rail Bridge, Italy

High Flight
Oh I have slipped the surly bonds of earth
 And danced the skies on laughter-silvered wings;
 Sunward I've climbed, and joined the tumbling mirth
 Of sun-split clouds - and done a hundred things
 You have not dreamed of -
 Wheeled, soared and swung
 High in the sunlit silence; hov'ring there,
 I've chased the shouting wind along, and flung
 My eager craft through footless halls of air.
 Up, the long, delirious, burning blue
 I've topped the wind-swept heights with easy grace
 Where never lark, or even eagle flew -
 And, while with silent lifting mind I've trod
 The high untrespassed sanctity of space,
 Put out my hand and touched the face of God

This poem was penned by P/O John Gillespie Magee Jr, in September 1941. P/O  Magee was killed during active service with the RCAF on December 11, 1941, he was 19.

Misc. Images
Bad News
Rest Camp at El Rouse
Crew 1945
S/Sgt. Murphy and The Unit

Images of S/Sgt. Brendon J. Murphy's U.S. A.A.F. Records. (warning large files)
02/16/43 - Report for Duty
09/23/44 - Yuma Gunnery School Diploma
02/23/45 - Combat Crew Training Certificate
04/18/45 - The Air Medal
10/15/45 - Bronze Service Star - Air Combat Balkans
11/09/45 - Enlisted Record and Report of Separation Honorable Discharge
11/09/45 - Army of the United States Honorable Discharge
11/09/45 - Army of the United States Separation Qualification
No Date - Army Air Forces, Certificate of Appreciation - For War Service

Images from the Island of Corsica
The Corsica Club
The Swimming hole

Aircraft Images
P-51 Escort
P-38 Radar Equipped
Crashed B-24
Crashed B-25
B-25's in flight
A holed B-25
Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius

Nose Art



A note from the Webmaster,
This Web page is devoted to my interest and hobby: The history of the U.S. Army Air Corps of World War II.
The primary emphasis of my interests is the U.S. 12th. Army Air Force
and, more generally, the E.A.M.E. Theatre of Operations. I am
not so much a student of campaigns and strategies, though, nor do I in any
way embrace the horrors of war. Rather, I see WWII as a defining part of
history and, ultimately, the war was experienced by real people both home
and abroad and who had thoughts and feelings which reflect the events of
the time. Seeking out personal accounts of those who fought and survived
or gave their lives provides me with a greater appreciation for the true
nature of the period. I hope you find these pages interesting and helpful
. --- J.F.K.